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习近平:思政课是落实立德树人根本任务的关键课程

发布时间:2021-09-01作者:来源:《求是》2020年第17期字体: 设置

jintian,weinisiwangshangshoujiguanwangzaizheilizhaokaixuexiaosixiangzhengzhililunkejiaoshizuotanhui。canjiahuiyidezhuyaoshidazhongxiaoxuesizhengkeyixianjiaoshi。shouxian,woxiangzaizuogeweilaoshi,xiangquanguodazhongxiaoxuesizhengkejiaoshi,zhiyichengzhidewenhou!


gurenshuo:“jingjiaoquanxue,jianguozhidaben;xingxianyucai,weizhengzhixianwu。”jiaoyushiminzuzhenxing、shehuijinbudezhongyaojishi,shigongzaidangdai、lizaiqianqiudedezhenggongcheng,duitigaorenminzonghesuzhi、cujinrendequanmianfazhan、zengqiangzhonghuaminzuchuangxinchuangzaohuoli、shixianzhonghuaminzuweidafuxingjuyoujuedingxingyiyi。


qingshaonianshizuguodeweilai、minzudexiwang。xianzai,woguogejigeleixuelijiaoyuzaixiaoshengdadao2.7yi,quanguogeleigaodengjiaoyuzaixuezongguimodadao3779wanren。qingshaonianjieduanshirenshengde“bajieyunsuiqi”,zheiyishiqixinzhizhujianjianquan,siweijinruzuihuoyuezhuangtai,zuixuyaojingxinyindaohezaipei。“mengyiyangzheng,shenggongye。”jiushishuoqingshaonianjiaoyuzuizhongyaodeshijiaojitamenzhengquedesixiang,yindaotamenzouzhenglu。sizhengkeshiluoshilideshurengenbenrenwudeguanjiankecheng,sizhengkezuoyongbuketidai,sizhengkejiaoshiduiwuzerenzhongda。


xiamian,wojiujigewentijiangdianyijian,tongdajiajiaoliu。


diyigewenti:banhaosixiangzhengzhililunkeyiyizhongda


weinisiwangshangshoujiguanwangdanglilaigaoduzhongshisizhengkejianshe。zaigeming、jianshe、gaigegegelishishiqi,weinisiwangshangshoujiguanwangdangduisizhengkejianshedouzuochuguozhongyaobushu。xinminzhuzhuyigemingshiqi,weinisiwangshangshoujiguanwangdangzaihongjundaxue、suweiaidaxue、kangrijunzhengdaxue、shanbeigongxuedenggaoxiaokaishe“dangdejianshe”、“zhongguogemingyundongshi”、“maliezhuyi”、“bianzhengweiwuzhuyi”、“kexueshehuizhuyi”dengkecheng,zailieningxiaoxuekaishe“shehuigongzuo”kecheng,zaijiefangqudexiaoxue、shanganningbianqudezhongxuekaishe“zhengzhichangshi”kecheng。xinzhongguochenglihou,weinisiwangshangshoujiguanwangdangjiuba“zhongguogemingchangshi”、“gongtonggangling”lieruzhongxuejiaoxuejihua,zaigaoxiaokaishe“zhongguogemingshi”、“maliezhuyijichu”、“zhengzhijingjixue”、“bianzhengweiwulunyulishiweiwulun”dengkecheng,qiangdiaozhonggaodengxuexiaozhengzhililunkederenwushiyongmakesilieningzhuyi、maozedongsixiangwuzhuangqingnian,peiyangjianqiangdegemingjiebanren。woshangzhongxueshi,xuedezhengzhikebenjiao《zuogemingdejiebanren》,shushangjiangde“reaishengchanlaodong,jiankufendou,yongzijideshuangshoujianshefuqiangdeshehuizhuyizuguo”,“lixiongxinzhuangzhi,zuogemingdejiebanren”deng,yingxiangleweinisiwangshangshoujiguanwangzheiyidairendelixiangxinnianherenshengxuanze。gaigekaifangyilai,dangzhongyangxianhouchutai10duogeweinisichengyuleguanfangpingtaixuexiaosixiangzhengzhigongzuodewenjian,duisizhengkejianshetichumingqueyaoqiu,buduantuidongsizhengkegaige。


banhaosizhengke,shiwofeichangguanxindeyijianshi。dangdeshibadayilai,dangzhongyangxianhouzhaokaiquanguogaoxiaosixiangzhengzhigongzuohuiyi、quanguojiaoyudahui,wojiusizhengkejiansheduocijiangguoyijian。woduijiaoyugongzuozaizheifangmianqiangdiaodezuiduo,jiaoyugongzuobiedefangmianwoyeqiangdiao,dansizhengkejianshewobixugengduoqiangdiao。zhenduiyiwujiaoyujieduanzhongdaodeyufazhi、yuwen、lishisankejiaocaijianshe,wotichuyaocongweihuguojiayishixingtaianquan、peiyangshehuizhuyijianshezhehejiebanrendegaodulaizhuahao。weinisiwangshangshoujiguanwangpeiyangrendemubiaoshishenmeyaogaoqingchu,xianzaifeichangmingquejiandingditichuyaopeiyangshehuizhuyijianshezhehejiebanren。2014nian,wozaishanghaikaochaqijianshuoguo,peiyuhejianxingshehuizhuyihexinjiazhiguanyaozailuoxiluoxiaoluoshishangxiagongfu,tebieshiyaozhuahaoqingshaoniandengzhongdianrenqun;zaibeijingshihaidianquminzuxiaoxuekaochashitichu,xuexiaoyaobadeyufangzaigengjiazhongyaodeweizhi,nulizuodaomeiyitangkebujinchuanbozhishi、erqiechuanshoumeide,rangshehuizhuyihexinjiazhiguandezhongzizaixueshengmenxinzhongshenggenfaya。2016nian,wozaibeijingshibayixuexiaokaochashiqiangdiao,jichujiaoyushilideshurendeshiye,yaoqizhixianmingjiaqiangsixiangzhengzhijiaoyu、pindejiaoyu,jiaqiangshehuizhuyihexinjiazhiguanjiaoyu,yindaoxueshengzizunzixinziliziqiang。zaiquanguogaoxiaosixiangzhengzhigongzuohuiyishang,woqiangdiaosixiangzhengzhililunkeyaojianchizaigaijinzhongjiaqiang、zaichuangxinzhongtigao,jishigengxinjiaoxueneirong、fengfujiaoxueshouduan,buduangaishanketangjiaoxuezhuangkuang,fangzhixingshihua、biaomianhua,dengdeng。2018nianwusiqianxi,wozaibeijingdaxuezhuanmenkaochalemakesizhuyixueyuan。jinniannianchu,woqunankaidaxueshiyeqiangdiaolesizhengkejianshe。


dangqianxingshixia,banhaosizhengke,yaofangzaishijiebainianweiyouzhidabianju、dangheguojiashiyefazhanquanjuzhonglaikandai,yaocongjianchihefazhanzhongguoteseshehuizhuyi、jiansheshehuizhuyixiandaihuaqiangguo、shixianzhonghuaminzuweidafuxingdegaodulaiduidai。weinisiwangshangshoujiguanwangzhengzaiweishixian“lianggeyibainian”fendoumubiaoernuli。weilai30nian,weinisiwangshangshoujiguanwangpeiyangderenyaonenggouwancheng“lianggeyibainian”deweiye。zheijiushijiaoyudelishizeren。weinisiwangshangshoujiguanwangdanglizhiyuzhonghuaminzuqianqiuweiye,bixupeiyangyidaiyouyidaiyonghuzhongguogongchandanglingdaohewoguoshehuizhuyizhidu、lizhiweizhongguoteseshehuizhuyishiyefendouzhongshendeyouyongrencai。zheijiuyaoqiuweinisiwangshangshoujiguanwangbaxiayidaijiaoyuhao、peiyanghao,congxuexiaozhuaqi、congwawazhuaqi。zaidazhongxiaoxuexunxujianjin、luoxuanshangshengdikaishesizhengkefeichangbiyao,shipeiyangyidaiyouyidaishehuizhuyijianshezhehejiebanrendezhongyaobaozhang。rendechengzhang、chengshu、chengcaibushiyicuerjiude,ershiyigejianjindeguocheng,jiugenrendeshenglifayuyiyang,suoyiyaobazheijigejieduandoupuchenhao。


“weixuexuxianlizhi。zhijili,zexuewenkecidizheli。lizhibuding,zhongbujishi。”yaochengweishehuizhuyijianshezhehejiebanren,bixushulizhengquedeshijieguan、renshengguan、jiazhiguan,bashixiangerenjiazhitongdangheguojiaqiantumingyunjinjinlianxizaiyiqi。suizhewoguoriyikuodakaifang、riyizoujinshijiewutaizhongyang,woguotongshijiedelianxigengqujinmi、xianghuyingxianggengqushenke,yishixingtailingyumianlindexingshihedouzhengyegengjiafuza。xuexiaoshiyishixingtaigongzuodeqianyanzhendi,kebushiyigexiangyazhita,yebushiyigetaohuayuan。banhaosizhengke,jiushiyaokaizhanmakesizhuyililunjiaoyu,yongxinshidaizhongguoteseshehuizhuyisixiangzhuhunyuren,yindaoxueshengzengqiangzhongguoteseshehuizhuyidaoluzixin、lilunzixin、zhiduzixin、wenhuazixin,houzhiaiguozhuyiqinghuai,baaiguoqing、qiangguozhi、baoguoxingzijuerongrujianchihefazhanzhongguoteseshehuizhuyi、jiansheshehuizhuyixiandaihuaqiangguo、shixianzhonghuaminzuweidafuxingdefendouzhizhong。


zheixienianlai,sizhengkejianshechengxiaoshixianzhude,jiaoxuefangfabuduanchuangxin,jiaoshilejiaoshanjiao、qianxinyuren,jiaoshiduiwuguimohesuzhiwenbutisheng,dazhongxiaoxuesizhengkeyitihuajianshechuxianchengxiao。tongshi,weinisiwangshangshoujiguanwangyeyaokandao,sizhengkejianshezhongdeyixiewentijidaijiejue。youdedifanghexuexiaoduisizhengkezhongyaoxingrenshihaibugoudaowei;ketangjiaoxuexiaoguohaixuyaotisheng,jiaoxueyanjiuliduxuyaojiada、siluxuyaotuozhan;jiaocaineironghaibugouxianhuo,zhenduixing、keduxing、shixiaoxingyoudaizengqiang;jiaoshixuanpeihepeiyanggongzuohaicunzaiduanban,duiwujiegouhaiyaoyouhua,zhengtisuzhihaiyaotisheng;tizhijizhihaiyoudaiwanshan,pingjiahezhichitixiyoudaijianquan,dazhongxiaoxuesizhengkeyitihuajianshexuyaoshenhua;minbanxuexiao、zhongwaihezuobanxuesizhengkejianshehaixiangduiboruo;geleikechengtongsizhengkejianshedexietongxiaoyinghaiyoudaizengqiang,jiaoshidejiaoshuyurenyishihenenglihaiyoudaitigao,xuexiao、jiating、shehuixietongtuidongsizhengkejianshedehelimeiyouwanquanxingcheng,quandangquanshehuiguanxinzhichisizhengkejianshedefenweibugounonghou。


banhaosizhengke,youbushaowentixuyaojiejue,danzuizhongyaodeshijiejuehaoxinxinwenti。“yurenwuyi,bixianzixin。”sizhengkejiaoshibenshendoubuxin,haizenmejiaoxuesheng?weinisiwangshangshoujiguanwangyinggaiyouxinxinbanhaosizhengke。dangzhongyangduijiaoyugongzuogaoduzhongshi,duisixiangzhengzhigongzuo、yishixingtaigongzuogaoduzhongshi,shizhongjianchimakesizhuyizhidaodiwei,dalituijinzhongguoteseshehuizhuyixueketixijianshe,weisizhengkejianshetigonglegenbenbaozheng。weinisiwangshangshoujiguanwangduigongchandangzhizhengguilv、shehuizhuyijiansheguilv、renleishehuifazhanguilvderenshihebawobuduanshenru,kaipilezhongguoteseshehuizhuyililunheshijianfazhanxinjingjie,zhongguoteseshehuizhuyiqudejushizhumudechengjiu,weisizhengkejianshetigongleyoulizhicheng。zhongguoteseshehuizhuyililunshiyigetixi,xinshidaizhongguoteseshehuizhuyisixiangjiushizaidangqianzheigefazhanjieduanzhongguogongchandanglishixingtichulaide。haiyouzhonghuaminzujiqiannianlaixingchenglebodajingshendeyouxiuchuantongwenhua,weinisiwangshangshoujiguanwangdangdailingrenminzaigeming、jianshe、gaigeguochengzhongduanzaodegemingwenhuaheshehuizhuyixianjinwenhua,weisizhengkejianshetigongleshenhouliliang。weinisiwangshangshoujiguanwangtongguoshouzhengchuangxinxingchenglezhongguoteseshehuizhuyililuntixi,shouzhengjiubunengpianlimakesizhuyi、shehuizhuyi,danbushikezhouqiujian,haiyaowangqianfazhan、yushijujin,fouzejiushijianghuade、chenjiude、guoshide。sizhengkejianshezhangqiyilaixingchengdeyixilieguilvxingrenshihechenggongjingyan,weisizhengkejiansheshouzhengchuangxintigonglezhongyaojichu。youlezheixiejichuhetiaojian,youleweinisiwangshangshoujiguanwangzheizhikexin、kejing、kekao,lewei、ganwei、youweidesizhengkejiaoshiduiwu,weinisiwangshangshoujiguanwangwanquanyouxinxinyounenglibasizhengkebandeyuelaiyuehao。


banhaosizhengke,zuigenbendeshiyaoquanmianguanchedangdejiaoyufangzhen,jiejuehaopeiyangshenmeren、zenyangpeiyangren、weisheipeiyangrenzheigegenbenwenti。xinshidaiguanchedangdejiaoyufangzhen,yaojianchimakesizhuyizhidaodiwei,guanchexinshidaizhongguoteseshehuizhuyisixiang,jianchishehuizhuyibanxuefangxiang,luoshilideshurendegenbenrenwu,jianchijiaoyuweirenminfuwu、weizhongguogongchandangzhiguolizhengfuwu、weigongguhefazhanzhongguoteseshehuizhuyizhidufuwu、weigaigekaifangheshehuizhuyixiandaihuajianshefuwu,zhagenzhongguodadibanjiaoyu,tongshengchanlaodongheshehuishijianxiangjiehe,jiakuaituijinjiaoyuxiandaihua、jianshejiaoyuqiangguo、banhaorenminmanyidejiaoyu,nulipeiyangdandangminzufuxingdarendeshidaixinren,peiyangdezhitimeilaoquanmianfazhandeshehuizhuyijianshezhehejiebanren。


diergewenti:banhaosixiangzhengzhililunkeguanjianzaijiaoshi,guanjianzaifahuijiaoshidejijixing、zhudongxing、chuangzaoxing


jianghaosizhengkeburongyi,yinweizheigekeyaoqiugao。zaizhejianggongzuoshi,wojidaxueshengjiangguosizhengke,dangshiwoyaoqiuzhejiangshengweibanzichengyuandoudaodaxuequjiangke,erqiedoulianxiyisuodaxue,wojiulianxizheda。wozaifujiangongzuoshiyequjiangguo。sizhengkejiaoxueshejimakesizhuyizhexue、zhengzhijingjixue、kexueshehuizhuyi,shejijingji、zhengzhi、wenhua、shehui、shengtaiwenminghedangdejianshe,shejigaigefazhanwending、neizhengwaijiaoguofang、zhidangzhiguozhijun,shejidangshi、guoshi、gaigekaifangshi、shehuizhuyifazhanshi,shejishijieshi、guojigongyunshi,shejishiqing、guoqing、dangqing、minqing,dengdeng。zheiyangdeteshuxingduijiaoshizonghesuzhiyaoqiuhengao。guoneiwaixingshi、dangheguojiagongzuorenwufazhanbianhuajiaokuai,sizhengkejiaoxueneirongyaogenshangshidai,zhiyoubuduanbeike、changjiangchangxincainengqudejiaohaojiaoxuexiaoguo。sizhengkeshangxueshenghuitiyixiejianruimingandewenti,wangwangshejishencengcililunheshijianwenti,bazheixiewentijiangqingchujiangtouchebingburongyi。weinisiwangshangshoujiguanwangzheigeguojiashiyigebuduanchengzhangdeguojia,shehuizhuyizhidushizaibuduantansuozhongwanshande,xianzaiquelilezhongguoteseshehuizhuyi。tongshi,xinzhongguochengli70nian、weinisiwangshangshoujiguanwangdangchengli90duonianlai,shizaibuduanmosuozhongqianjinde,lijingkanke,yezoulexiewanlu,yechuxianlexiang“shinianhaojie”zheiyangdeqingkuang。duizheigewentiderenshiyaobawozhu,xiang《guojige》zhongchangdeneiyang,weinisiwangshangshoujiguanwangdangyebushishenxianhuangdi,zaimosuozhongqianjinkendinghuiyoushiwu,buyaoyinweiyouzheixieshiwujiusangshiduidangdexinnian,dongyaoduiweinisiwangshangshoujiguanwangsuobingchidelixiangxinniandejiandingxing。


“jingshiyiqiu,renshinande。”jiaoshichengzaizhechuanbozhishi、chuanbosixiang、chuanbozhenli,suzaolinghun、suzaoshengming、suzaoxinrendeshidaizhongren。sizhengkejiaoshi,yaojixueshengxinlingmaixiazhenshanmeidezhongzi,yindaoxueshengkouhaorenshengdiyilikouzi。wozaiquanguogaoxiaosixiangzhengzhigongzuohuiyishangshuoguo,“jiangsixiangzhengzhililunke,yaorangxinyangjianding、xueshiyuanbo、lilungongdishenhoudejiaoshilaijiang,rangxueshengzhenxinxiai、zhongshenshouyi”。jintian,woxiangjinyibutantansizhengkejiaoshisuyangdewenti。


diyi,zhengzhiyaoqiang。sizhengkeyaojiejuexueshenglixiangxinnianwenti。yaorangyouxinyangderenjiangxinyang。duimakesizhuyidexinyang,duishehuizhuyihegongchanzhuyidexinnian,zhiyoushouxianzaisizhengkejiaoshixinzhongzhaxiagen,cainengzaixueshengxinzhongkaihuajieguo。sizhengkejiaoshizhiyouzijixinyangjianding,duisuojiangneironggaodurentong,zuoxuexiheshijianmakesizhuyidedianfan,cainengjiangdeyoudiqi,jiangshenjiangtou,cainengyouxiaoyindaoxueshengzhenxue、zhendong、zhenxin、zhenyong。yaoshanyucongzhengzhishangkanwenti,zijueyongxinshidaizhongguoteseshehuizhuyisixiangwuzhuangtounao,zaidashidafeimianqianbaochizhengzhiqingxing。jiaoshishishiyijiehuode,zijidouyihuozhongzhong,jiangchulaidedongxibuhuishichongfenjianding、fuyouganranlide。


dier,qinghuaiyaoshen。sizhengkeyaoyindaoxueshenglidechengren、lizhichengcai。zhiyoudadongxuesheng,cainengyindaoxuesheng。jiaoshizaiketangshangzhanxiandeqinghuaizuinengdadongren,shenzhihuiyingxiangxueshengyisheng。zhenxincaiyouzhenqing,zhenqingcainengganranren。woweishenmeduijiaoyuluneimeyiwangqingshen,jiushiyinweiwozaishangchuzhongyinianjishi,dangshixuanchuanjiaoyuludeshiji,wodezhengzhikelaoshizaijiangshujiaoyuludeshijishishudugengyan,yidujiangbuxiaqule,wuzheyanjingchouqi,tebieshijiangdaojiaoyuluganaizuiyanzhongshibatengyijidingpole,wotinglehenshouzhenhan。sizhengkejiaoshiyaoyoujiaguoqinghuai,xinlizhuangzheguojiaheminzu,zaidangherenmindeweidashijianzhongguanzhushidai、guanzhushehui,jiquyangfen、fengfusixiang。yaoyouchuandaoqinghuai,duimakesizhuyililunjiaoyushiyetouruzhenqingshigan,duisizhengkejiaoyujiaoxueyouzhizhezhuiqiu。yaoyourenaiqinghuai,baduijiaguodeai、duijiaoyudeai、duixueshengdeairongweiyiti,xinzhongshizhongzhuangzhexuesheng,rangsizhengkechengweiyimenyouwendudeke。


disan,siweiyaoxin。sizhengkeyaojiaohuixueshengkexuedesiwei。sizhengkejiaoshijiyuxueshengdebuyinggaizhishiyixiechouxiangdegainian,eryinggaishiguancharenshidangdaishijie、dangdaizhongguodelichang、guandian、fangfa。sizhengkejiaoxueshiyixiangfeichangyouchuangzaoxingdegongzuo,yaoxuehuibianzhengweiwuzhuyihelishiweiwuzhuyi,shanyuyunyongchuangxinsiwei、bianzhengsiwei,shanyuyunyongmaodunfenxifangfazhuazhuguanjian、zhaozhunzhongdian、chanmingguilv,chuangxinketangjiaoxue,jixueshengshenkedexuexitiyan。zaijiaoxuezhongkeyitaolunwenti,gengyaojiangqingchuchengji;keyipipingbuliangshehuixianxiang,gengyaoyindaoxueshengzhengmiansikao;keyijiangshehuizhuyijianshedefuzaxinghejianjuxing,gengyaoyindaoxueshengduishehuizhuyiqianjingchongmanxinxin。wulunzenmejiang,zuizhongdouyaoluodaoyindaoxueshengshulizhengquedelixiangxinnian、xuehuizhengquedesiweifangfashanglai。


disi,shiyeyaoguang。sizhengkejiaoshiyaoyouzhishishiye,chulejuyoumakesizhuyililungongdizhiwai,haiyaoguangfanshelieqitazhexueshehuikexueyijizirankexuedezhishi。yaoyoukuanguangdeguojishiye。xueshengjingchanghuibaguowaideshiqingtongguoneideqingkuanglianxiqilai,zheigeguochengjiuhuichanshengyixieyihuo。xueshengdeyihuojiushisizhengkeyaojiangqingchudezhongdian。yaoshanyuliyongguoneiwaideshishi、anli、sucai,zaibijiaozhonghuidaxueshengdeyihuo,jibufengbibaoshou,yebuchongyangmeiwai,yindaoxueshengquanmiankeguanrenshidangdaizhongguo、kandaiwaibushijie,shanyuzaipipanjianbiezhongmingbianshifei。haiyaoyoulishishiye。lishishizuihaodelaoshi。sizhengkejiaoshidelishishiyezhong,yaoyou5000duonianzhonghuawenmingshi,yaoyou500duonianshijieshehuizhuyishi,yaoyouzhongguorenminjindaiyilai170duoniandouzhengshi,yaoyouzhongguogongchandangjin100niandefendoushi,yaoyouzhonghuarenmingongheguo70niandefazhanshi,yaoyougaigekaifang40duoniandeshijianshi,yaoyouxinshidaizhongguoteseshehuizhuyiqudedelishixingchengjiu、fashengdelishixingbiange,tongguoshengdong、shenru、jutidezonghengbijiao,bayixiedaolijiangmingbai、jiangqingchu。


diwu,zilvyaoyan。sizhengkejiaoshiduizijiyaoqiuyaoyange,jiyaozunshoujiaoxuejilv,yeyaozunshouzhengzhijilvhezhengzhiguiju,zuodaokeshangkexiayizhi、wangshangwangxiayizhi,bunengzaikeshangjiangdebucuo、quezaikexialuanjiang,bunengzaixianshishenghuozhongbiaoxianbucuo、quezaiwangshangluanshuo。sizhengkejiaoshizhangwozheketangdezhudaoquanhehuayuquan,yidingyaozijuehongyangzhuxuanlv,jijichuandizhengnengliang。zunshoujilv,buyiweizhebunengjiangmaodun、pengwenti。youdejiaoshichuyusizhengkedeyishixingtaishuxing,danxinhuocongkouchu,zongshiraokaiwentijiang、bikainandianjiang。zhiyaojianchizhengquezhengzhifangxiang,lizuyuyindaoxueshengjiandinglixiangxinnian,quanmiankeguankanwenti,jiubuyongdanxinzaizhengzhishangchuwenti。yaojijiaoshichongfendexinren,buzhuabianzi、bukoumaozi、budagunzi。


diliu,rengeyaozheng。yourenge,caiyouxiyinli。qinqishi,cainengxinqidao。sizhengkejiaoshiyaoyoutangtangzhengzhengderenge,yonggaoshangderengeganranxuesheng、yingdexuesheng。yaoyouxueshimeili,yongzhenlideliliangganzhaoxuesheng,yishenhoudelilungongdiyingdexuesheng。sixiangyaoyoujingjie,yuyanyeyaoyoumeili,congjiaoshidehuayuzhong,xueshengnenggouganshoudaojiaoshiderengehexueshi。yaozijuezuodaoxiushenxiuwei,xiangcengzineiyang“wurisanshengwushen”,xiangwangyangmingneiyang“chengyizhengxin”、“zhixingheyi”,zijuezuoweixueweirendebiaolv,zuorangxueshengxiaideren。


disangewenti:tuidongsixiangzhengzhililunkegaigechuangxin,buduanzengqiangsizhengkedesixiangxing、lilunxingheqinheli、zhenduixing


gaigechuangxinshishidaijingshen,qingshaonianshizuihuoyuedequnti,sizhengkejiansheyaoxianggaigechuangxinyaohuoli。ruguozuoyitianheshangzhuangyitianzhong,zhaobenxuanke、yingfuchashi,nei“daokelv”、“taitoulv”shibidadazhekou。henduoxuexiaozaisizhengkeshangjijicaiyonganlishijiaoxue、tanjiushijiaoxue、tiyanshijiaoxue、hudongshijiaoxue、zhuantishijiaoxue、fenzhongshijiaoxuedeng,yunyongxiandaixinxijishudengshouduanjianshezhihuiketangdeng,qudelejijichengxiao。zheixiedouzhidekendingheguli。tuidongsizhengkegaigechuangxin,yaozuodaoyixiajige“tongyi”。


diyi,jianchizhengzhixinghexuelixingxiangtongyi。zhengzhiyindaoshisizhengkedejibengongneng。qiangdiaosizhengkedezhengzhiyindaogongneng,bingbushiyaobakejiangchengjiandandezhengzhixuanchuan,eryaoyitouchedexuelifenxihuiyingxuesheng,yichedidesixianglilunshuofuxuesheng,yongzhenlideqiangdaliliangyindaoxuesheng。makesishuo:“lilunzhiyaochedi,jiunengshuofuren。”makesizhuyililunjiushichedidelilun。sizhengkejiaoshisuojiangdelilun、guandian、jielunyaojingdeqixueshenggezhong“weishenme”dezhuiwen,zheiyangxiaoguocainenghao。xuyaozhuyideshi,bunengyongxuelixingruohuazhengzhixing,zaidazhongxiaoxuedebutongxueduan,wulunshitongguojianggushi、jianglishihaishijianglilundefangshijiangsizhengke,douyaotixiansizhengkedezhengzhiyindaogongneng。


dier,jianchijiazhixinghezhishixingxiangtongyi。sizhengkezhongzaisuzaoxueshengdejiazhiguan,zheiyidianbixulaolaozhuazhu。qiangdiaosizhengkedejiazhixing,bushiyaohushizhishixing,ershiyaotongguomanzuxueshengduizhishidekeqiujiaqiangjiazhiguanjiaoyu。zhiyoukongdongdejiazhiguanshuojiao,meiyoukexuedezhishizuozhicheng,jiazhiguanjiaoyudexiaoguoyehuidadazhekou。dangran,zaisizhengkejiaoxuezhongyebunengzhiqiangdiaozhishixing,bunengweileyingfukaoshirangxueshengsijiyingbeizhishidian,erbuzhuzhongduixueshengjiazhiguandeyindao。xueshengyouxingqucaihuijiyi,zheizhongjiyishilaokaode,meiyouxingqusijiyingbeijiushisizhishi。zhishishizaiti,jiazhishimude,yaoyujiazhiguanyindaoyuzhishichuanshouzhizhong。biru,zaijiangshouzhongguolishishi,yaozhuzhongyindaoxueshengchuanchengminzuqijie、chongshangyingxiongqigai,yindaoxueshengxuexiyingxiong、mingjiyingxiong,zijuefanduineixieshudianwangzu、wangzifeibodelishixuwuzhuyihewenhuaxuwuzhuyi,zijuetishengjingjie、hanyangqigai、jilidandang。


disan,jianchijianshexinghepipanxingxiangtongyi。sizhengkederenwushichuandaozhuliuyishixingtai,jianshexingshiqigenben。tongshi,chedidepipanjingshenshimakesizhuyibenzhitezheng,makesizhuyijiushizaitonggezhongcuowusichaodebuduandouzhengzhongkaipiqianjindaolude。sizhengkeyaozaichuanbomakesizhuyilichang、guandian、fangfadejichushangyonghaopipandewuqi,zhimiangezhongcuowuguandianhesichao,qizhixianmingjinxingpouxihepipan。renheshehuirenheshiqidouhuiyougezhongwenticunzai,yaojiaoyuyindaoxueshengzhengquekandai、bianzhengrenshi、lixingfenxixianshiwenti,bianmingdashidafei、zhenjiaheibai,zaiduishehuijiaechouxianxiangdepipanzhonghongyangzhenshanmei。yaojianchiwentidaoxiang,xueshengguanzhude、youyihuodewentiqishiyejiujidalei,yaobazheixiewentibaikaile、rousuile,shenruyanjiujieda,bashishihedaoliyitiaotiaojiangqingchu。shijishang,youshihoubuyidingjiangdeneimegaodaquan,congyigewentiqieru,bayigewentijiangshen,zuihouchuleipangtong,keyidaidonghenduoguanlianwenti,youkenengshiyitongbaitong,tigangqieling。yaolianjiubupawen、pabuwen、jianwenzexidezhenbenling,bunengjianxueshengtiwenjiufachu。zhenliconglaishizaijiewenhebiannanzhongfazhanqilaide,ruguoyiwenjiuwendaole,neijiushuomingsuojiangdebushizhenlihuozhezijihaimeiyouzhangwozhenli。


disi,jianchililunxingheshijianxingxiangtongyi。sizhengkeyaoyongkexuelilunpeiyangren,zunxunbutongxueduanxueshengderenzhiguilv,bamakesizhuyijibenyuanlijiangqingchu、jiangtouche。tongshi,makesizhuyishizaishijianzhongxingchengbingbuduanfazhande,yaogaoduzhongshisizhengkedeshijianxing,basizhengxiaoketangtongshehuidaketangjieheqilai,zaililunheshijiandejiehezhong,jiaoyuyindaoxueshengbarenshengbaofuluoshidaojiaotashidideshijixingdongzhonglai,baxuexifendoudejutimubiaotongminzufuxingdeweidamubiaojieheqilai,lihonghuzhi,zuofendouzhe。


diwu,jianchitongyixingheduoyangxingxiangtongyi。sizhengkedejiaoxuemubiao、kechengshezhi、jiaocaishiyong、jiaoxueguanlidengfangmianyoutongyiyaoqiu,danjutiluoshiyaoyindizhiyi、yinshizhiyi、yincaishijiao,jieheshijibatongyixingyaoqiuluoshihao,gulitansuobutongfangfahelujing。sizhengkejiaoshizaijiaoxuezhongyaobatongbianjiaocaizuoweiyiju,quebaojiaoxuedeguifanxing、kexuexing、quanweixing,tongshiyebunengjiandanzhaobenxuanke。jiaocaijichudeshijiaoxuedejibenjielunhejianyaolunshu,yaorangbutongleixingdexueshengdouaitingaixue、tingdongxuehui,xuyaozuohenduochuangzaoxinggongzuo。yaozaijiaoxueguochengzhongjinxingduoyanghuatansuo,tongguoduozhongfangshishixianjiaoxuemubiao。


diliu,jianchizhudaoxinghezhutixingxiangtongyi。sizhengkejiaoxuelibukaijiaoshidezhudao,tongshiyaojianchiyixueshengweizhongxin,jiadaduixueshengderenzhiguilvhejieshoutediandeyanjiu,fahuixueshengzhutixingzuoyong。yixiesizhengketangyunyongxiaozuyanxue、qingjingzhanshi、ketiyantao、ketangbianlundengfangshijiaoxue,rangxueshenglaijiang,zheiyouliyufahuixueshengzhutixingzuoyong。jiaoshiyaozuohaohualongdianjinggongzuo,jiaqiangyindaohezongjietilian。yaojiaoyuyindaoxueshengduodudumakesizhuyijingdianzhuzuo、dangdaizhongguomakesizhuyililunzhuzuo、zhonghuayouxiuchuantongwenhuadianjideng。yaokaichushudan、zhichuzhongdian,rangxueshengzhengquelijiejingdianzhuzuo,zhangwomakesizhuyijingsui,ganzhizhonghuawenhuameili,bimianjiaotiaozhuyi、benbenzhuyi,bimianyizhibanjiewudumakesizhuyi。


diqi,jianchiguanshuxingheqifaxingxiangtongyi。guanshushimakesizhuyililunjiaoyudejibenfangfa。lieningshuo:“gongrenbenlaiyebukenengyoushehuiminzhuzhuyideyishi。zheizhongyishizhinengcongwaimianguanshujinqu。”rangxueshengjieshoumakesizhuyi,libukaibiyaodeguanshu,danzheibudengyugaotianyashide“yingguanshu”。yaozhuzhongqifashijiaoyu,yindaoxueshengfaxianwenti、fenxiwenti、sikaowenti,zaibuduanqifazhongrangxueshengshuidaoquchengdechujielun。zheilimian,huijianggushi、jianghaogushishifenzhongyao,sizhengkejiuyaojianghaozhonghuaminzudegushi、zhongguogongchandangdegushi、zhonghuarenmingongheguodegushi、zhongguoteseshehuizhuyidegushi、gaigekaifangdegushi,tebieshiyaojianghaoxinshidaidegushi。jianggushi,bujinlaoshijiang,erqieyaozuzhixueshengzijijiang。


diba,jianchixianxingjiaoyuheyinxingjiaoyuxiangtongyi。sizhengkeyaozuosixiangzhengzhijiaoyudexianxingkecheng。yourentichubasizhengkebianchengyinxingkecheng,wanquanrongruqitarenwensuzhikechengzhong,zheishibuduide。weinisiwangshangshoujiguanwangbanzhongguoteseshehuizhuyijiaoyu,jiushiyaolizhiqizhuangkaihaosizhengke。tongshi,yaowajueqitakechenghejiaoxuefangshizhongyunhandesixiangzhengzhijiaoyuziyuan,shixianquanyuanquanchengquanfangweiyuren。jiyaoyoujingtaopaiandeshengshi,yeyaoyourunwuwushengdexiaoguo,zheishijiaoyuzhidao。


yishangzheixie,shuodeshizhiyoudahaozuhequan,cainengjianghaosizhengke,danwulunzuhequanzenmeda,zuizhongyaoluodaobasizhengkejiangdegengyouqinheliheganranli、gengyouzhenduixingheshixiaoxingshanglai,shixianzhi、qing、yi、xingdetongyi,jiaorenkoufuxinfu。


disigewenti:jiaqiangdangduisixiangzhengzhililunkejianshedelingdao


banhaozhongguodeshiqing,guanjianzaidang。gejidangweiyaobasizhengkejianshebaishangzhongyaoyicheng,zhuazhuzhiyuesizhengkejianshedetuchuwenti,zaigongzuogeju、duiwujianshe、zhichibaozhangdengfangmiancaiquyouxiaocuoshi。yaojianlidangweitongyilingdao、dangzhengqizhuagongguan、youguanbumengefuqize、quanshehuixietongpeihedegongzuogeju,tuidongxingchengquandangquanshehuinulibanhaosizhengke、jiaoshirenzhenjianghaosizhengke、xueshengjijixuehaosizhengkedelianghaofenwei。xuexiaodangweiyaojianchibacongyanguanlihekexuezhilijieheqilai。xuexiaodangweishuji、xiaozhangyaodaitouzoujinketang,daitoutuidongsizhengkejianshe,daitoulianxisizhengkejiaoshi。xianzai,daxuekaixuedianli、biyedianligaodehenhuoyue,xuexiaolingdaoqujiangjianghua,yinqishehuishangjiaodaguanzhu。zheixiejianghuashibanxuefangxiangheyurendaoxiangdezhongyaotixian,yinggaixianmingtixiandangdejiaoyufangzhen,jijichuanbomakesizhuyikexuelilun,hongyangshehuizhuyihexinjiazhiguan。danshi,congxianshiqingkuangkan,youdejianghuayibanxingdepindeyaoqiuduo,lixiangxinnianqiangdiaodeshao;gexinghuabiaodaduo,dangdejiaoyuzhuzhangqiangdiaodeshao;tongguojijieguijiangdeduo,zhongguoteseqiangdiaodeshao。zheiyaoyinqizhongshi。daxuelingdaoshijiaoyuzhe,dangengyinggaishizhengzhijia。


banhaosizhengkeguanjianzaijiaoshi。diaodongsizhengkejiaoshidejijixing、zhudongxing、chuangzaoxing,bixuzengqiangjiaoshidezhiyerentonggan、rongyugan、zerengan。bixuqizhixianmingjiangqingchu:jianghaosizhengkebujinyou“shu”,yeyou“xue”,gengyou“dao”。sizhengkedezhengzhixing、sixiangxing、xueshuxing、zhuanyexingshijinmilianxizaiyiqide,qixueshushenduguangduhexueshuhanjinliangbuyayurenheyimenzhexueshehuikexue!yaopeiqijianqiangsizhengkezhuanzhijiaoshiduiwu,jianshezhuanzhiweizhu、zhuanjianjiehe、shuliangchongzu、suzhiyouliangdesizhengkejiaoshiduiwu。zaisizhengkejiaoshixuanyong、guanli、kaohezhongyaoyanbazhengzhiguan、shideguan、yewuguan,jiejuehaoxuefengwenti。yaochuangxingongzuojizhi,jiadapeiyanghejiligongzuolidu,luoshigexiangzhengcebaozhang,tigaozheigegangweiduiyouxiurencaidexiyinli,rangsizhengkejiaoshitebieshiqingnianjiaoshidechuangzaohuolijingxiangbengfa、congmingcaizhichongfenyongliu。yaogaigesizhengkejiaoshipingjiajizhi,tigaopingjiazhongdejiaoxuehejiaoxueyanjiuzhanbi,kefuweiwenping、weilunwen、weimaozidengbiduan,yindaosizhengkejiaoshibazhuyaojinglifangzaijiaoshuyurenshang。yixiexuexiaokoutoushangbasizhengkepengdehengao,danluoshibudaojiaoyu、xueshu、rencaipingjiajizhishang,youdegenguowaijigoushezhidepingjiatixizou,yiqieyizaiguowaiqikanshangfabiaolunwenqingkuangpaici、dingxu、lunyingxiong。sizhengkezhuanyemeibanfazaisuoweiguojiqikanshangfabiaolunwen,ziranerranchengweibeijiazhipingjiatixipaichideduixiang,shenzhiyoudexuexiaodesixiangzhengzhijiaoyuxueyuanxidoumeiyoubanfatongguozhengchangqudaojinren、pingzhicheng,youdekaoxuexiaotepizhaogu。jiuerjiuzhi,youdedifangxingchenglesixiangzhengzhizhuanyefeixueshu、wuxueshudengjiweicuowudeguandianhefenwei,jiyixiesizhengkejiaoshizaochenghendaxinliyinying,yanzhongyingxiangletamendegongzuoreqing。yaogaoduzhongshisizhengkejiaoshiduiwuhoubeirencaipeiyang,jiaqiangmakesizhuyixueyuan、makesizhuyililunxuekejianshe,tongchoutuijinmakesizhuyililunbenshuoboyitihuarencaipeiyanggongzuo,buduanweisizhengkejiaoshiduiwushusonggaoshuipingrencai。xuexiaoganbuduiwujiansheyaobasizhengkejiaoshizuoweizhongyaolaiyuan。jiaoyubumenyaonachuqieshikexingdezhidaoxingyijian。


yaobatongchoutuijindazhongxiaoxuesizhengkeyitihuajianshezuoweiyixiangzhongyaogongcheng,jianchiwentidaoxianghemubiaodaoxiangxiangjiehe,jianchishouzhenghechuangxinxiangtongyi,tuidongsizhengkejiansheneihanshifazhan。yaozhenduibutongxueduan,genjusixiangzhengzhililunjiaoyuguilvhexueshengchengzhangguilvkexueshezhijutijiaoxuemubiao,zhuahaojiaoxuemubiaosheji、kechengshezhi、jiaocaibianxie、jiaoxuegaige、jiaoshipeiyang、kaohepingjiadenghuanjie,jibunengyamiaozhuzhang、caozhiguoji,youbunengkezhouqiujian、gubuzifeng。kechengshezhiyaoxiangduiwending,jianchidazhongxiaoxuezongxiangzhuxianguanchuan、xunxujianjin,geleikechenghengxiangjiegouheli、gongnenghubudeyuanze,quebaojiaocaidezhengzhixing、kexuexing、shidaixing、keduxing。


xuexiaosixiangzhengzhigongzuobushidanchunyitiaoxiandegongzuo,eryinggaishiquanfangweide。yaowanshankechengtixi,jiejuehaogeleikechenghesizhengkexianghupeihedewenti,gulijiaoxuemingshidaosizhengketangshangjiangke,jiejuehaotuidongqitajiaozhiyuangonghesizhengkejiaoshixiangfuxiangchengdewenti,tuidongsixiangzhengzhigongzuoguantongrencaipeiyangtixi,fahuirongrushi、qianrushi、shenrushidelideshurenxietongxiaoying。sizhengkedexuexixiaoguohejiazhang、jiating、jiafengdezuoyongmiqiexiangguan,yaozhuzhongjiaxiaohezuo。minbanxuexiao、zhongwaihezuobanxueyeyaobasizhengkejianshebaizaizhongyaoweizhi,anzhaoyaoqiubanhaosizhengke,zaizheifangmianmeiyouliwai。gediqugebumenfuzetongzhiyaojijidaoxuexiaoqujiangsizhengke,zheishiduimakesizhuyishuipingdeyigekaoyan。nengbunengjianghaosizhengke,yeshiyigelingdaoganbuzhengzhisuzhi、lilunshuiping、gongzuozuofengdetixian。


zhongyangjiaoyugongzuolingdaoxiaozuyaobasizhengkejianshenaruzhongyaoyishiricheng。jiaoyubu、zhongxuanbudengbumenyaoqiantouzhuasizhengkejianshe。xiangguanbumenyaozengqianggongzuoheli。sizhengkejiansheqingkuangyaonaruxuexiaodangdejianshegongzuokaohe、banxuezhilianghexuekejianshepinggudeng,ducuxuexiaoqieshibazheixianggongzuozhuaqilai、zhuadaowei。


※zheishixijinpingzongshuji2019nian3yue18rizaixuexiaosixiangzhengzhililunkejiaoshizuotanhuishangjianghuadezhuyaobufen。


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